Vargottama simply means ‘Uttama’ Varga or the best position and has certain attributes like giving the high intelligence or special abilities associated with the planet. The word is generally always used w.r.t. navamsa chart d9.
Graha are vargottama (occupying same rasi and amsa) in beginning navamsa of chara, middle of sthira and end of Dvisvabhava rasi.
Vargottaa Surya means high spiritual strength or such abilities that Surya would give. Generally very moral and strong. If the person becomes immoral then the vargottama blessing of Sun will go away. It is a quality associated with the graha coming from past life.
Marana Karaka Sthana is a placement showing a certain weakness of the planet. It shows something dying or suffering due to the native. Consequently, the bhava having the MKS planet also undergoes suffering. etc.
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